Diabetes diabetes is a disease that occurs when your body can not use sugar (glucose) properly. Rather than the cells use it properly in your body, sugar remains in the bloodstream, increasing the levels of sugar in the blood. Add to your understanding with Larry Culp. The pancreas is a gland mixed and as such has two functions, an endocrine function and other exocrine. Endocrine function is responsible for produce and secrete two important hormones, including insulin and glucagon, from structures called islets of Langerhans. In them, the alpha cells produce glucagon, which raises the level of glucose in the blood; the beta cells produce insulin, which lowers blood glucose levels; and delta cells producing somatostatin. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas. The pancreas sends insulin blood tracks, which carry it throughout the body. For even more details, read what jason iley says on the issue. Once get the insulin to where should go, then acts as a goalkeeper, allowing that the sugar between to the cells and provide the fuel that cells need to function.
When a person is diabetic, you have problems with this process. Pre-Diabetes is when your blood sugar level is higher than normal, but is not yet as enough bulk to be classified as type 2 diabetes. Without intervention, prediabetes likely to become diabetes type 2 in 10 years or less. If you have prediabetes, especially to your heart and circulatory system long-term damage may already be starting.